On February 7, 2018, two Assembly members from California introduced a controversial idea: to ban a sport.

To outlaw football.

“The Superbowl may be over, but the risk of brain injury to kids who play tackle football remains,” said Assembly members Kevin McCarty (D-Sacramento), a co-author of the bill. (His co-author was Lorena Gonzalez-Fletcher (D-San Diego).  “The Golden State’s children need to know that no touchdown or interception is worth long-term damage to their brains caused by tackle football.” 

But is this statement true?  The medical community has not come to a consensus on this issue of banning youth tackle football based on concussions and CTE. (You’ll find a plethora of articles and research at the bottom of this post which disagrees with McCarty’s assertion.)

Lawmakers used faulty science, failed to ever truly unify their front and never got the needed support to make football illegal. (McCarty specifically was all over the place with his ideas about this law, which you’ll see outlined later in a meeting he had with football proponents.)

McCarty and Gonzalez-Fletcher pulled their bill on April 26, before it ever reached the May 1 Committee Hearing.

Three other states have had this discussion to ban football: Illinois, New York and Maryland.  But California is the ONLY state to kill it before it even reached a Committee Hearing.

How did this happen?

Here’s the story of a grassroots effort by a small group of leaders who rallied their communities up and down the state to Save Youth Football in California.

From the Sacramento Bee“Mike Wagner, the executive commissioner of Southern California Conference Pop Warner, said he immediately received nearly two dozen emails from coaches and parents the day McCarty announced the bill. He pondered the best way to organize the opposition and contacted Chris Fore, a football consultant and long time high school coach, for help.

Fore launched a Twitter account, SaveCaliforniaFootball, the next day. He met with a lobbyist to receive advice about strategy and speaking with lawmakers.  And he started to develop a game plan.

“We want to be careful to unify the many different youth football organizations, and have a clear mission, purpose and voice in this discussion,” Fore said. He’s setting up a press conference to voice concerns about the bill at a football clinic in Costa Mesa next week.

February 8 – Michael Wagner, Executive Director of Southern California Conference Pop Warner calls Chris Fore, asks for help to unify youth coaches and spread the word on this bill proposal.

February 9 – Chris Fore (Apple Valley) launches @SaveCAFootball twitter account to spread word of bill, gains 1,000 followers in the first two days.  

February 11 – Jason Ingman (Sacramento) launches Save Youth Football California Change.org petition – grows to 30,000 signatures first 3 days.

February 13 – Fore speaks by phone with Ron White, Executive Director of Golden Empire Youth Tackle Football (Bakersfield).

February 13 – Fore reaches out to USA Football Executive Director Scott Hallenbeck about garnering support from USA Football.  Hallenbeck directs him to speak with Melinda Whitemarsh, USA Football Senior Director of Communications and Public Affairs, about public relations strategy.  Fore and Whitemarsh connect by phone.

February 14 – Steve Famiano creates the Save Youth Football – California Facebook group. (It has grown to more than 8000+ followers as of 4/30/18.)

February 14 – Fore creates a google forms document to collect contact information from youth football leaders statewide

February 15Southern CA Football Coaches Association Board members Bert Esposito (President), Scott Morrison (Secretary), John Rice (Clinic Director), Aaron Kaye (Treasurer) and Chris Fore hold emergency meeting to write a position statement and discuss strategy to engage and unify youth coaches.

February 16 – Fore sends SCFCA statement out to youth coaches to gather their support with their logo.

February 16 – Fore has conference call meeting with Sacramento lobbyist who reached out to us, wants to remain anonymous, and remains available to help with behind the scenes strategy.  Advises the group to keep things “grassroots.”  (Important note: The group never took a dime from any companies associated with an interest in football in California, no helmet-makers, or youth football organizations, etc.)

February 16 – Fore speaks with Don Wilson, Sacramento Youth Football; he has 15 years experience at the Capitol; Wilson explains each step involved in the bill process, and discusses strategies on how to fight it.

February 16 – Fore speaks with Todd Bloomstine, a lobbyist in Sacramento who is also the President of Bradshaw Christian Jr. Pride Youth Football & Cheer.  Bloomstine would bring invaluable experience as a lobbyist to the table, and help the group focus on timelines and key strategies regarding meeting with lawmakers, etc.

February 16 – Fore reaches out to and speaks with Jason Ingman, author of the petition, about strategizing, invites him to a conference call the following Monday.  Ingman accepts.  He would later go on to become one of the key members of the coalition.

February 19 – Fore hosts first conference call with approximately 30 youth football organization leaders up and down the state who filled out the Google Forms database.  He asks for anyone who wants to play an active leadership role in this fight to email him after the call. He receives emails from seven individuals including: Joe Rafter (Southern Marin Youth Football President, Mill Valley), Todd Bloomstine (Bradshaw Christian Junior Football President, Sacramento), Jason Ingman (Sacramento), Ron White (Golden Empire Youth Football, Bakersfield), Steve Famiano (So Cal Elite Vice President, Apple Valley).  These five leaders would eventually carry the torch, and emerge as the Save Youth Football California Coalition.

February 20 – Joe Rafter buys Saveyouthfootball.com and Savecaliforniayouthfootball.com

February 21 – Fore and Rafter talk further about communications strategy.  They discuss several website url names, and agree to use SaveYouthFootball.com

February 22 – Rafter creates saveyouthfootball@gmail.com.

February 23SaveYouthFootball.com launched by Joe Rafter.  He got it done in time to promote at a press conference the next day.

February 24 – Fore organizes a Southern California Press Conference at Glazier Football Clinic.  Speakers are: Stelian Onufrei (US Congress Candidate), Stephen Cooper (Former San Diego Charger/Current youth football coach), Bert Esposito (Southern California Football Coaches Association President), Scott Morrison (Southern California Football Coaches Association VP), Michael Wagner (Executive Director of Southern California Conference Pop Warner), Dave Cisar (Winning Youth Football).

Former San Diego Charger turned youth football coach Stephen Cooper speaks at the press conference

February 24 – Fore and Ron White meeting at the Glazier Clinic to discuss strategy for opposing this bill.

February 25 – Fore speaks with Cathy Luna, San Diego Youth Football President about strategy in San Diego.  

February 27 – House Resolution co written by Jason Ingram notes August 2018 as Youth Football Safety Month in California.

February 28 – Todd Bloomstine leads conference call with specific agenda items towards strategy in Sacramento.  There is a pitch to hire an outside lobbyist, but the team decides to stay grassroots on this effort.  There is also discussion to reach out to helmet makers, uniform makers and other equipment vendors with an interest in football to help sponsor the fight against this law.  The group decides that they want no conflict of interest from any groups who will benefit financially from youth football. 

Direct Lobbying Conference Call Items
A. Bloomstine update on conversation with chief consultant to Assembly Arts, Entertainment, Sports and Internet Media Committee
B. Discussion on two pronged or single prong direct lobbying effort (lobbying without a bill number? Or wait until a bill number? Or both?)
C. Three tiered distribution information — Leagues to programs to participants, or is there a better way?
1. Compilation of California leagues?  Is there one?
D. Develop packet to instruct participants on how and what to lobby
E. Open items.

March 1 – Assemblyman McCarty presented a draft amendment to Legislative Counsel with the language “only allow tackle football after jr high graduation for organized athletics which is schools and recreation leagues.”

March 2Jason Ingman debates Kimberly Archie in a 90 minute live debate on KFBK radio in Sacramento.

March 9 – Mike Wagner emails the group announcing that Joe Rafter will represent Pop Warner for all of California. This email is based on a telephone call Mike made to Joe to  days before to propose and agree on this organizational direction.

March 12 – Joe Rafter leads his conference call with a strong agenda and roles for each of the five coalition members.


* Government / Legislation – Todd
* Lobbying Proposal – Jason
* Bill Update – Todd
* Lobbying Strategy – Todd
* 7 Step Action Plan – Todd
* Identify a lead for each of the steps
* Step 1 Determine hearing date
* Step 2 Finalize packet to leagues/programs and participants
* Step 3 Provide committee member contact information – Jason
* Step 4 Mobilize opposition – Jason
* Step 5 Host press conference/rally type event one week prior to hearing – Jason
* Step 6 Directly lobby individual committee members – Jason
* Step 7 Testify on day of bill seeking opposition
* Social Media – Steve
* Medical
* Legal
* Sponsors
* Public Relations / Comms
* Network
* USA Football – Ron
* Financial
* Fund Raising Pledges
* Back Office – Chris Fore

March 15 – Todd Bloomstine, Joe Rafter, Ron White and Jason Tenny met with Assemblymen McCarty in his Sacramento office.  McCarty references the Concussion Movie and Boston University Research from Dr. Chris Nowitski as his sole medical source of diligence.

Joe Rafter presents McCarty with 5 additional medical reports. McCarty refused to compromise on his position or work in cooperation with the Save Youth Football coalition and said “It’s not my job to argue for the opposition.”

Todd Bloomstine asks McCarty to share his logic regarding the age limits of 14 and 12 as opposed to 18. McCarty asks us if we prefer he write the bill to state 18 years and under as the limit. We reply with “Yes, we do because it more accurately reflects the research you are referring to.”

McCarty explains that he selected 14 because he wasn’t prepare to include high school football at this time. We then ask for insight into the 12 year old age limit. McCarty explains, “My sister lives in Southern California, and I asked her what she thought of the bill and age limit. She thought 12 years old was a better limit to allow for kids to play a year or 2 before they start high school. This way kids don’t start tackle football in high school.” McCarty further explains “I am a crazy left wing liberal and this is what I do.”

March 15 – Jason Ingman engaged Assemblyman McCarty in a public open house forum.  McCarty stated he changed the age limit for Assembly Bill 2108 from 14 years to 12 years based on research, later determined to be the Boston University study from September 2017, as well as recommendations from his sister and brother-in-law.

March 16 – Cathy Luna, San Diego Youth Football Commissioner, along with Lawrence Lee, Stephen Cooper and Coach Braswell  met to confer with Assemblywoman Lorena Gonzalez-Fletcher.  They presented Gonzalez-Fletcher with research which contradicted the research used to develop AB2108.  They also presented the fact that flag football only would discriminate against those who are not skilled players such as linemen and bigger sized kids, and also identified that cheer would theoretically have the same risk of sub concussive hits with flyers and bases.  Gonzalez-Fletcher stated it was not the Traumatic Brain Injury issue but CTE that they were concerned with.  Then it went from CTE to sub concussive hits, then it went from sub concussive hits to the helmet causing injury by having the head impact with the helmet not contact.  She stated her office would send us the items she referenced, which happened to be a NY Times article, not the actual publication.  The group also left a report with the Dr. Cynthia LaBella, a sports medicine director, submitted written testimony arguing there is no evidence that eliminating tackle football would prevent CTE.

March 18 – Joe Rafter outlines, organizes and writes Version 1.0 of the Save Youth Football playbook; it is published via email and the website. 

April 2 – Ron White flew to Illinois to engage legislators and those pushing the ban on a national level and its potential impact on California (Chris Nowinski Legacy Group)

April 8Joe Rafter outlines, organizes and writes Version 2.0 of the Save Youth Football playbook; it is published via email and the website.

April 13 – Coalition members Steve Famiano and Ron White, along with members of the SoCal Elite Conference met with Assemblywoman Gonzalez-Fletcher in her San Diego office to discuss the bill.  Gonzalez-Fletcher states that they are starting with youth football when she was asked “why just football?”  The meeting was wrapped up by the group asking her to work with them, to which the lawmaker remained silent, and gave no response.  This was the second official time the coalition asked lawmakers to work with our group to help make football more safe for kids, etc.

April 18 – Coalition members Steve Famiano and Ron White speak to youth football administrators regarding AB 2108 at the LA Chargers/USA Football; they were invited to speak by USA Football.

April 16Phase 2 of the playbook is launched. Nearly 600 visitors to the website see the playbook.

April 18 – Todd Bloomstine, Jason Ingman, and Jay Erheart (Sacramento Youth Football Commissioner) met with Assembyman Medina and staffers from two other committee members’ offices and the Assembly Republican Caucus to discuss our opposition to AB 2108.

April 19 – Joe Rafter met with his local Assemblymember Levine. Levine commits to let Assemblymember Chu know that they spoke.

April 20 – Assemblyman Jim Cooper releases HR 103, a House Resolution naming Aug 2018 as the Safe Youth Football month in California; the resolution was written with the assistance of the Save Youth Football coalition.

April 21 – San Diego Youth Football Commissioner Cathy Luna and two presidents meet with Assemblywoman Lorena Gonzalez-Fletcher at her San Diego office.  KUSI news media covered the meeting.  Gonzalez-Fletcher stated that she would work on safety measures in high school, and made it a point to state that she had not received any information to date to change her stance on the bill. 

April 22 – The Save Youth Football coalition held dual rallies in Sacramento and Santa Clara drawing hundreds of supporters at each rally in opposition to AB 2108.

April 23Phase 3 of the playbook is launched. Members of Pop Warner and USA Football meet with Assembly members in Sacramento.

April 24 – Joe Rafter, Ron White, Todd Bloomstine, and Jason Ingman, (seen below as listed) met with Assemblymen Acosta and Committee Chair Chu, as well as staffers from two other committee members offices and the Assembly Republican Caucus to discuss our opposition to AB 2108.  Amendments to AB 2108 were discussed to make the game of football more safe for youth.


April 26 – Assemblyman McCarty refused to accept the amendments to AB 2108 and pulls the bill from the Committee on Arts, Entertainment, Sports et al. as he does not have the votes to pass the ban on youth football.  

AB 2108 IS DEAD, the bill is defeated!

April 29SaveYouthFootball.com has 4,200 views from 2,247 unique visitors, lifetime to date.

And that is the story of a grassroots effort by a small group of leaders who rallied their communities up and down the state to Save Youth Football in California.




Southern California Football Coaches Association

Southern California Pop Warner

Southern Marin Football

Pop Warner National Office

USA Football


Does CTE call for an end to youth tackle football? (Star Tribune)

Save California football? Proposal to ban tackling before high school creates uproar (Sacramento Bee)

Be Skeptical: Will 99% of NFL Players Really Develop CTE? (American Council on Science and Health)

I know about concussion risks. Here’s why I let my 8-year-old play tackle football anyway. (Washington Post)

USA Football: Let Parents, not lawmakers, decide whether kids should play tackle football  (USA Today)

Letting Your Kids Play Football Isn’t As Crazy As It Sounds (Huffington Post)

I’m a brain scientist and I let my son play football (Yahoo Sports)

3 reasons why your child should play youth football (USA Football)

Girls’ soccer, basketball players have higher concussion rates than male counterparts (Washington Post)

Brain Trauma Scientists Turn Their Attention To Soccer (Wired.com)

What’s Worse For Your Brain – Drinking or Playing Football? (Daily Beast)

His Death Came After A Motorcycle Accident, but was CTE really to blame? (LA Times)  

Pop Warner Is Facing a Class-Action Lawsuit Over Concussions (New York Times)

Girls’ soccer, basketball players have higher concussion rates than male counterparts (Washington Post)

National Pop Warner Statement on California Initiative (Pop Warner website)

Youth Football Under Attack (Southern California Pop Warner website)

Is football really alone among our sports spectacles in killing our children? (CoachFore.org)

Association of Playing High School Football With Cognition and Mental Health Later in Life (JAMA Network Journal)

23 Youth Sports Concussion Statistics (brandongaille.com)

Research shows promising results for a device designed to protect athletes from sports-related brain injuries: Experimental neck collar inspired by woodpeckers and bighorn sheep (ScienceDaily)

Cannabis use is associated with increased CCL11 plasma levels in young healthy volunteers (NCBI)

Football and CTE: fear overshadows facts (Yahoo sports)

Participation in Pre-High School Football and Neurological, Neuroradiological, and Neuropsychological Findings in Later Life: A Study of 45 Retired National Football League Players (American Journal of Sports Medicine)


Dr. Uzma Samadani – Risk vs Reward of Youth & HS Football – USA Football Conference (USA Football)